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Tisha B'Av Schedule

EREV TISHA B'AV, MONDAY, JULY 31

8:00pm   Mincha

8:12pm   Fast Begins
8:20pm   Ma'ariv followed by Eicha & Kinnot

 

TISHA B'AV, TUESDAY, AUGUST 1
7:20am   
Shacharit followed by Kinnot with Rabbi Daniel Sherman
1:02pm   Chatzot

 

Tisha B'Av Screenings of the Chofetz Chaim Heritage Foundation: The Power of Ahavas Yisroel

Sponsored L'Ilui Nishmas Yaakov Yechiel Michel ben Shlomo by the Heftler Family
2:00pm   Film Screening in Library: DVD A 

4:00pm   Film Screening in Library: DVD B 
 

7:10pm   Shiur with Rabbi Daniel Sherman

7:45pm   Mincha

8:30pm   Ma'ariv

8:45pm   Fast Ends

Tisha B'av Halachot

These halachot have been compiled by Rabbi Daniel Sherman. If you have any questions, please call the Rabbi at 610-529-3182

 

EREV TISHA B'AV (MONDAY, JULY 31)

  • One should eat throughout the day. However, the final meal before the fast is called the Seudah Hamafseket. and according to the prevalent Ashkenazi custom, the meal consists of only bread, a cold hard boiled egg and water. One should dip the bread in ashes, eat it and say "zehu seudat Tisha B'Av". The meal should be eaten while sitting on the floor or a low stool. The meal should be consumed in such a manner so as to not be obligated in a mezumen, meaning that three men should eat in different locations.

TISHA B'AV (TUESDAY, AUGUST 1)

  • A woman who gave birth is exempt from fasting for 30 days after the actual birth.
  • Pregnant and nursing mothers who feel weak are exempt from fasting and are not required to eat less than the shiur or to fast part of the time.
  • An individual who is not classified as ill but has minor pain, may swallow a Tylenol or Advil pill, etc. If a minimal amount of water is needed, this is permitted.
  • It is forbidden to wear shoes or sneakers that contain any leather in their construction.
  • It is forbidden to wash any part of one's body, even with cold water. Upon rising in the morning or after using the washroom, or for the purposes of netilat yedayim - one should wash his/her hands three times to the end of the knuckles.
  • There is no prohibition to wash any part of the body, even with soap, that becomes soiled with dirt. Similarly, those who are preparing food for after the fast may wash food even if their hands will get wet.
  • If one is accustomed to sleep with two pillows, one should only use one pillow.
  • Sitting on a chair is permissible after chatzot (midday) on Tuesday, which this year is 1:02pm 
  • A woman who recently gave birth, or is pregnant or nursing, and finds it difficult to sit on a low chair, may sit on a regular chair even on the night of Tisha B'Av.
  • An older person, one who is not feeling well, or one who has difficulty sitting on a low chair, may sit on a regular chair.
  • One does not greet others on Tisha B'Av. One who is greeted by someone, should nod in response or respond softly, thus indicating that regular greetings are not permissible
  • Perfumes or colognes are not permissible. Antiperspirants and deodorants are permitted.
  • It is not proper for a woman to apply makeup on Tisha B'Av.
  • One is permitted to use mouthwash and brush their teeth on Tisha B’Av
  • Although housework, e.g. cleaning floors, making beds, washing dishes, etc. should not be done prior to chatzot (midday), it is permissible to do grocery shopping for after the fast, even prior to chatzot.
  • One who is accustomed to saying chapters of Tehilim may do so after chatzot (midday). Tehilim for an ill individual may be said at any time throughout the day.

AFTER TISHA B'AV (TUESDAY AUGUST - WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2)

  • It is forbidden to bathe, wash clothing, take a haircut or shave, listen to music, eat meat or drink wine until chatzot (midday) of the Tenth of Av. This year chatzot is at 1:02pm on Wednesday, August 2.

Tisha B'av history

This upcoming Monday night and Tuesday, Jews from across the world will commemorate the various tragedies that have afflicted the Jewish people on Tisha B'Av.

 

The Mishnah (Taanit 4:6) delineates five specific events that occurred on the ninth of Av that warrant fasting:

1.) The Twelve Spies sent by Moses to observe the land of Canaan returned from their mission.The majority report caused the People of Israel to cry, panic and they even refused to enter the Land. For this, they were punished by God that their generation would not enter the land. God decreed that for all generations this date would become a day of crying and misfortune for their descendants.

2.) The First Temple built by King Solomon was destroyed by the Babylonians led by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BCE following a two-year siege and the Judeans were sent into the Babylonian exile.

3.) The Second Temple built by Ezra and Nehemiah was destroyed by the Romans in August 70 CE (AM 3830), starting the current Jewish diaspora and exile.

4.) The Romans subsequently crushed Bar Kokhba's revolt and destroyed the city of Betar, killing over 500,000 Jewish civilians. Destroying the last remnants of Jewish autonomy in the Land of Israel.

5.) Following the Bar Kokhba revolt, Roman commander Turnus Rufus plowed the site of the Temple in Jerusalem and the surrounding area, in 135 CE.
 

Other tragic events in the last millennium include the following:

1095 First Crusade declared by Pope Urban II. 10,000 Jews killed in first month of Crusade. Crusades bring death and destruction to thousands of Jews, totally obliterate many communities in Rhineland and France.

1290 Expulsion of Jews from England, accompanied by pogroms and confiscation of books and property.

1492 Inquisition in Spain and Portugal culminates in the expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian Peninsula. Families separated, many die by drowning, massive loss of property.

1914 Britain and Russia declare war on Germany. First World War begins. First World War issues unresolved, ultimately causing Second World War and Holocaust. 75% of all Jews in war zones. Jews in armies of all sides - 120,000 Jewish casualties in armies. Over 400 pogroms immediately following war in Hungary, Ukraine, Poland and Russia.

1942 Deportations from Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp begin.

1994 The deadly bombing the building of the AMIA (the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina) which killed 86 people and wounded some 300 others

Sun, August 20 2017 28 Av 5777
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